|Object Name||Medal, Commemorative|
|Title||Medal from the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture|
Obverse: male figure (Industry) plowing with yoke of oxen, followed by Demeter/Ceres (Plenty), and trees and farm buildings in background; "VENERATE THE PLOUGH". Reverse: "To George Morgan, for his Essay on a Farm Yard. Adjudged, February 7th 1786" in center and "PHILADELPHIA SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING AGRICULTURE" around perimeter.
The Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture (PSPA) awarded this gold medal to APS member Colonel George Morgan for his article titled "An Essay on the Farm-Yard System." Morgan was one of the founding members of the PSPA, organized in 1785 by 23 farmers and professionals to exchange information and foster agricultural improvements and inventions. The Society still exists today; Morgan's friend Benjamin Franklin was a member, as were many other APS members. Morgan served as an Indian agent during the American Revolution, seeking support from the Lenape and other Western Pennsylvania tribes. He installed lightning rods on the roof of his house and carried out agricultural experiments on his farm near Princeton, New Jersey. Morgan presented his essay on December 5, 1785, and on February 7, 1786, the prize committee agreed to award him its first medal. The Society, however, did not receive the die to create the medal until 1788. The following year, the Society decided to allow prizewinners to choose between the gold medal or ten pounds in Pennsylvania currency.
|Dimensions||D-0.063 Dia-2.063 inches|
|Credit line||American Philosophical Society. Gift of David McCord, 14 May 1979.|